During the progress of several projects in this semester, I found lots of case studies about urban farm and I am really interested in it. As Manning said, “the relationship between food and the city is fascinating” (Manning, 2016). People’s demand for food grows with the development of urbanism, so the amount of “growing space”, such as allotments, back gardens or farm land have increased a lot.
Originally, the concept of “urban agriculture” was created for relieving the stress of rapid urbanization. For example, in Shanghai, one of the most famous global city. Result from the rapid expansion of the city, agriculture contributes only 2% for the GPD (Gross Domestic Product) and its development is slower than all the other economic sectors. (Cai and Zhang, 1999). So currently, Shanghai encourages the developers focus on both the livability and the productivity during the development of a farm land. Because continuous people moving to the urban area creates great pressure to the urban area, the facilities and resources are no longer enough for the increasing amount of population, especially the food supplement. Many of these cities rely on the input food supply which caused higher cost of food for the urban people.
Apart from the urgency of food supply, urban agriculture is recently developed into urban scheme. More restaurants provide a side for customers to plant herbs their own and then chef will use them as the ingredients for their meals. It is a kind of “farm-to-table” scheme that transferring the ingredient from the farm land to table directly without and production. This is helpful for the customers making sure the food security and fresh.
Fig 1: Segev Kitchen Garden Restaurant
Furthermore, it becomes popular that residence plant on the roof and balcony or other areas where are around their living area for getting food materials. In Hong Kong, there is a community called Rooftop Republic. This community has many interest project with farms all over the city. Andrew Tsui who is a co-founder of this community indicates that rooftop farm is for re-connecting city dwellers with one another, together with enjoying the fun of farming. (Hill, 2016). And it is helpful to reconnect busy city people with the food they are eating everyday as well.
Fig 2: Roof Plant
Cai, Y. and Zhang, Z. (1999). SHANGHAI: TRENDS TOWARDS SPECIALISED AND CAPITAL-INTENSIVE URBAN AGRICULTURE. CITY CASR STUDY SHANGHAI, pp.467-475.
Gurin, Y. (2015). Segev Kitchen Garden Restaurant. [image] Available at: http://retaildesignblog.net/2015/08/31/segev-kitchen-garden-restaurant-by-studio-yaron-tal-hod-hasharon-israel/ [Accessed 20 Apr. 2017].
Hill, R. (2016). Hong Kong’s rooftop farmers grow vegetables… and communities. [online] Hong Kong Free Press HKFP. Available at: https://www.hongkongfp.com/2016/06/19/hong-kongs-rooftop-farmers-grow-vegetables-and-communities/ [Accessed 20 Apr. 2017].
Hill, R. (2016). Roof Plant. [image] Available at: https://www.hongkongfp.com/2016/06/19/hong-kongs-rooftop-farmers-grow-vegetables-and-communities/ [Accessed 20 Apr. 2017].
Manning, J. (2016). food and the city. URBAN DESIGN, (140), p.15.